Archipenko, Alexander(Russian, 1887-1964)
Alexander Archipenko was born in Russia in 1887. In 1908, at the age of 21, he decided to leave Russia in order to pursue an art career. He moved to Paris and began to associate with several avant-garde artists, such as Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque and Amedeo Modigliani. He soon started to exhibit his work at such prominent places as the Salon d'Automne and with groups like the Indépendants. Then, remarkably, at the age of twenty-four he founded his own art school. Archipenko’s work was fueled by his incessant creativity as a sculptor as well as the numerous art education activities he took part in.
Archipenko had a major role in introducing Cubism to sculpture and is often referred to as the “Picasso of sculpture”. As early as 1910, he was producing expressive forms which were still figurative but leaned towards abstraction. After 1910, Archipenko’s forms became sharp, displaying broken contours that were clearly influenced by Cubism. Later, Italian Futurism inspired him to create kinetic compositions, which took organic or technical forms. During this time, Archipenko also developed his so-called "sculpture-paintings," which consisted of reliefs made of wood, cardboard, metal and glass. In 1923, Archipenko moved to the United States and continued to produce and evolve his art form. He died in 1964 in New York, NY.

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